Web UI to reboot to another partition (for Linksys/ZyXEL dual-partition routers) and to power off/power down

It has been merged to LuCI master. Thanks for the app.

And I cherry-picked it for 17.01, too. Release buildbot should build it in a few hours.

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very cool !

Very good extension indeed.
But normally the LEDE sysupgrade, should upgrade on the same partition right?
Because I have LEDE on both, slight different kernel, it seems a 17.01.1 and 17.01.2, so I don't really know how it could have happened...

[quote="Menion, post:87, topic:3423"]
But normally the LEDE sysupgrade, should upgrade on the same partition right?
[/quote]No, in Linksys dual-partition devices, you always flash the other partition, so that the current one stays as the fall-back option (in case the flash fails). That is done both by the Linksys OEM firmware and LEDE.

If you have first used OEM to flash LEDE 17.01.1 and then you have later flashed 17.01.2 from that, you now have LEDE on both partitions.

Ok thanks
But then how is the config preserved across sysupgrade? During the first reboot after the upgrade, it is read from the old partition?

A bit more complicated. LEDE uses a third partition "syscfg" to store that file during sysupgrade. The partition is mapped as /tmp/syscfg in a live system and despite being mapped to inside /tmp, it is not a ramdisk.

LEDE stores the config there as a .tgz archive file during the sysupgrade and then deletes it during the first boot after flash.

The post-sysupgrade process is visible in source code...

/tmp/syscfg is permanent and visible from both actual firmware paritions, so it can also be used for sharing private personal files between the two possible firmware instances.

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Thank you very much for the valuable information!

Hannu, a few questions on that:

I couldn't find similar code for EA8500 (https://git.lede-project.org/?p=source.git;a=tree;f=target/linux/ipq806x/base-files/lib/preinit;hb=HEAD), however the syscfg partition is present:

EA8500 in /tmp # cat /proc/mtd
dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00040000 00020000 "SBL1"
mtd1: 00140000 00020000 "MIBIB"
mtd2: 00140000 00020000 "SBL2"
mtd3: 00280000 00020000 "SBL3"
mtd4: 00120000 00020000 "DDRCONFIG"
mtd5: 00120000 00020000 "SSD"
mtd6: 00280000 00020000 "TZ"
mtd7: 00280000 00020000 "RPM"
mtd8: 00140000 00020000 "art"
mtd9: 00100000 00020000 "APPSBL"
mtd10: 00040000 00020000 "u_env"
mtd11: 00040000 00020000 "s_env"
mtd12: 00040000 00020000 "devinfo"
mtd13: 02800000 00020000 "kernel1"
mtd14: 02500000 00020000 "rootfs1"
mtd15: 02800000 00020000 "kernel2"
mtd16: 02500000 00020000 "rootfs2"
mtd17: 02080000 00020000 "syscfg"

Does that mean it's not being utilized by sysupgrade in the same manner on ipq806x?

Do you think I could use this technique on all supported routers to store more detailed partition information (if the module is installed on both partitions) on syscfg as well (add it on ucitrack and remove it on pre-rm)? Is there a better solution for displaying more detailed partition information (like mounting another partition on the fly to get information directly?

Probably is it quite different. That usage of /tmp/syscfg is specific to mvebu.
I have never even tried to look for that in ipq806x for EA8500, the only(?) Linksys dual-partition device there, as I have just the "normal" single-partition Netgear R7800.

EA8500 probably acts like a single-partition device regarding saving the config in sysupgrade.

AFAIK, /tmp/syscfg is mostly unused be LEDE, but just contains some stuff from OEM firmware. It is only used for storing config during sysupgrade flash. I am not sure if that is even mounted in ipq806x for that one Linksys device.

I'm pretty sure that this isn't just platform specific, but also depending on the actual firmware vendor.

As another ipq8065 example, I'll try to explain the ZyXEL NBG6817. This particular router has two flash chips, the bootloader is on a 4 MB SPI-NOR, kernel and rootfs (dual-partition) are on an additional 4 GB eMMC - for installing/ updating LEDE the SPI-NOR chip is never touched. The mtd partitionioning is interpreted slightly differently between the OEM ZyXEL firmware and LEDE.


m25p80 spi5.0: found mx25u3235f, expected s25fl512s
m25p80 spi5.0: mx25u3235f (4096 Kbytes)
8 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device m25p80
Creating 8 MTD partitions on "m25p80":
0x000000000000-0x0000000c0000 : "SBL"
0x0000000c0000-0x000000100000 : "TZ"
0x000000100000-0x000000140000 : "RPM"
0x000000140000-0x0000001c0000 : "u-boot"
0x0000001c0000-0x0000001d0000 : "env"
0x0000001d0000-0x0000001e0000 : "ART"
0x0000001e0000-0x0000001f0000 : "dualflag"
0x0000001f0000-0x000000400000 : "reserved"


spi_qup 1a280000.spi: IN:block:16, fifo:64, OUT:block:16, fifo:64
m25p80 spi32766.0: mx25u3235f (4096 Kbytes)
13 qcom-smem partitions found on MTD device spi32766.0
Creating 13 MTD partitions on "spi32766.0":
0x000000000000-0x000000020000 : "0:SBL1"
0x000000020000-0x000000040000 : "0:MIBIB"
0x000000040000-0x000000060000 : "0:SBL2"
0x000000060000-0x0000000a0000 : "0:SBL3"
0x0000000a0000-0x0000000b0000 : "0:DDRCONFIG"
0x0000000b0000-0x0000000c0000 : "0:SSD"
0x0000000c0000-0x000000100000 : "0:TZ"
0x000000100000-0x000000140000 : "0:RPM"
0x000000140000-0x0000001c0000 : "0:APPSBL"
0x0000001c0000-0x0000001d0000 : "0:APPSBLENV"
0x0000001d0000-0x0000001e0000 : "0:ART"
0x0000001e0000-0x0000001f0000 : "0:DUAL_FLAG"
0x0000001f0000-0x000000400000 : "0:RESERVED"

The eMMC is partitioned like this:

Found valid GPT with protective MBR; using GPT.
Disk mmcblk0: 7471104 sectors, 3.6 GiB
Logical sector size: 512 bytes
Disk identifier (GUID): XXX
Partition table holds up to 12 entries
First usable sector is 34, last usable sector is 7471070
Partitions will be aligned on 2-sector boundaries
Total free space is 1 sectors (512 bytes)

Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size       Code  Name
   1              34            8225   4.0 MiB     FFFF  rootfs_data
   2            8226           16417   4.0 MiB     FFFF  romd
   3           16418           18465   1024.0 KiB  FFFF  header
   4           18466           26657   4.0 MiB     FFFF  kernel
   5           26658          157729   64.0 MiB    FFFF  rootfs
   6          157730          159777   1024.0 KiB  FFFF  header_1
   7          159778          167969   4.0 MiB     FFFF  kernel_1
   8          167970          299041   64.0 MiB    FFFF  rootfs_1
   9          299042          823329   256.0 MiB   FFFF  bu1
  10          823330         7471069   3.2 GiB     FFFF  bu2

So far LEDE can only be installed to /dev/mmcblk0p4 (kernel) and /dev/mmcblk0p5 (rootfs), the OEM firmware alternates between mmcblk0p4/ mmcblk0p5 and mmcblk0p7/ mmcblk0p8. LEDE never touches mmcblk0p3 (header) or mmcblk0p6 (header_1), the OEM firmware stores the firmware version number "V1.00(ABCS.2)C0" there:

00000000  00 00 a7 74 01 32 f0 00  56 31 2e 30 30 28 41 42  |...t.2..V1.00(AB|
00000010  43 53 2e 32 29 43 30 00  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |CS.2)C0.........|
00000020  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  00 00 d5 dc 4e 42 47 36  |............NBG6|
00000030  38 31 37 00 ff ff ff ff  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |817.............|
00000040  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |................|

fw_printenv (OEM):

addmtd=setenv bootargs ${bootargs} ${mtdparts}
addtty=setenv bootargs ${bootargs} console=ttyHSL1,${baudrate}n8
boot_mmc=run setmtdparts flashargs addtty addmtd;mmc read ${loadaddr} ${kernel_paddr} ${kernel_psize};bootm ${loadaddr}
boot_mmc_1=run setmtdparts flashargs_1 addtty addmtd;mmc read ${loadaddr} ${kernel1_paddr} ${kernel1_psize};bootm ${loadaddr}
boot_zld=sf probe&&sf read ${loadaddr} ${zld_paddr} ${zld_psize}&&bootm ${loadaddr}
bootcmd=run boot_mmc
bootcmd_1=run boot_mmc_1
eedualflag=sf probe; sf erase ${dualflag_paddr} +${dualflag_psize}
eenv=sf probe; sf erase ${env_paddr} +${env_psize}
eerfdat=sf probe; sf erase ${rfdat_paddr} +${rfdat_psize}
flashargs=setenv bootargs board=NBG6817 root=/dev/mmcblk0p5 rootwait ${bootmode} ${zld_ver}
flashargs_1=setenv bootargs board=NBG6817 root=/dev/mmcblk0p8 rootwait ${bootmode} ${zld_ver}
lu=tftpboot ${loadaddr} ${dir}u-boot.mbn || setenv stdout serial && echo tftpboot download fail && exit 1;sf probe;sf erase ${ldr_paddr} +${ldr_psize} || setenv stdout serial && echo sf erase fail && exit 1;sf write ${fileaddr} ${ldr_paddr} ${filesize}
setmtdparts=setenv mtdparts mtdparts=m25p80:0xC0000(SBL)ro,0x40000(TZ)ro,0x40000(RPM)ro,${ldr_psize}(u-boot)${readonly},${env_psize}(env)${readonly},${rfdat_psize}(ART)${readonly},${dualflag_psize}(dualflag),${reserved_psize}(reserved)

While it would be possible to change the bootcmd around, like on Linksys mvebu router, the vendor firmware doesn't change those settings - it uses the dualflag/ 0:DUAL_FLAG mtd partition instead. This 64 KB partition is completely initialized with 0xff, to toggle the boot order, only the very first byte of this partition is changed between 0x01 (boot from mmcblk0p7/ mmcblk0p8) or 0xff (boot from mmcblk0p4/ mmcblk0p5).

Boot from mmcblk0p4/ mmcblk0p5:

00000000  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |................|

Boot from mmcblk0p7/ mmcblk0p8:

00000000  01 ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |................|
00000010  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff  |................|

The OEM firmware updater uses echo to toggle this settings, but printf is obviously safer (and works on both):
WARNING, the mtd number differs between ZyXEL OEM firmware (/dev/mtdblock6) and LEDE(/dev/mtdblock11)!

So assuming you're booted into the OEM firmware running from mmcblk0p7/ mmcblk0p8, all you need to do is

printf "\xff" >/dev/mtdblock6

in order to boot from LEDE on mmcblk0p4/ mmcblk0p5, on LEDE booted from there, you can simply reverse this

printf "\x01" >/dev/mtdblock11

and after rebooting you're back to the OEM firmware on mmcblk0p7/ mmcblk0p8.

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Added the linksys ea3500

{"Linksys EA3500", "linksys-audi", "mtd3", "mtd5", 32, "boot_part", 1, 2, "bootcmd", "run nandboot", "run altnandboot"},

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Thank you! Support added in build 24. I realize you've posted that line of code after you've tested it, but could you still please install build 24 and confirm it works?

Today i was surprised to see that on both partitions wrt1900acs V2, i run LEDE software with the same software version! In Advanced Reboot Partitions if I choose to boot in the first partition, where should normally be the software from linksys, it is the same version of LEDE software! I also tried with putty with fw_printenv boot_part, fw_setenv boot_part reboot partitions but return to the same software ..http://s.go.ro/8loxw5qh http://s.go.ro/98h0kjlo
Do I have a chance to rewrite the Linksys software from the LEDE interface?

Any chance that you might either read the whole thread or at least use forum search? Return to Linksys OEM has been questioned so many times...

In nutshell:

  • in Linksys dual-partition devices, you always flash the other partition, so that the current one stays as the fall-back option (in case the flash fails). That is done both by the Linksys OEM firmware and LEDE. If you have first used OEM to flash LEDE and then you have later flashed LEDE again from that, you now have LEDE on both partitions.
  • You can revert to Linksys OEM pretty easily. But LEDE uses a slightly different image checksum method, so the sysupgrade will not accept the Linksys image in LuCI GUI. But you can download the image with wget, curl, whatever to the router and then use "sysupgrade -F" from console to force flashing the image. See e.g.
    How to go back to stock firmware on wrt1900acs v2
    Need major help with going back to OEM firmware [Solved]
    WRT1200AC can not roll back to OEM fw
    you need to flash with manual sysupgrade from console using the force option -F, so download/copy the correct Linksys firmware to /tmp, ssh into the router, cd to /tmp and run sysupgrade -n -F linksysfirmware.img
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Hello again!

  1. In case if that on both partitions i use the LEDE software, this can affect the proper functioning of the router?
  2. There is the possibility to do a tutorial, where to explain all the steps in detail that we should follow to rewrite the image with Linksys software?
  3. If I can rewrite the image with the Linksys software, i will be able to get back to the partition with the LEDE software, without losing again the partition with soft linksys? Because i want to continue using the LEDE software!

I look forward to an answer

IMHO all of your questions have nothing to do with this package, so it's a completely wrong thread to ask these, but the question quoted above is definitely addressed in this package's README.


Was support for EA3500 added? I installed the luci-app-advanced-reboot (git-17.336.23170-d2dc..-23)form LuCI but it says: Warning: This system does not have two partitions!

So I assume it is an old build? Github also doesn't reflect support for EA3500

I'll create a PR for revision 24 sometime this week. Not sure if it will be back-ported to 17.01.4 tree tho, so in the mean time you can install the newer revision from my repo: https://stangri.github.io/openwrt-repo/

Thanks! It works now! Picture

Oh, sorry, looks like I never replied neither to your message nor to the follow-up with more technical information. Is LEDE still using only one partition on that router? If so, what would be the usefulness of this package on that router? If you use it to boot back to stock, you'll have no way to booting back to LEDE unless you reflash, right? I might be able to get some custom code for that specific box, but I'm not sure if it's going to be useful.