Spectrum SAX1V1K (Askey RT5010W) OpenWrt Support

just found this thread and a tear of happiness fell! The first round of drinks or whatever you fancy @meisterlone if Im ever in your area for just this so far. bravo!

@meisterlone do you plan on opening a PR to add upstream support?

This thread is amazing, fun to read the process of this device being cracked open.

I ended up finding one of these in a gutter, this thread is a good excuse to mess around with it :slight_smile:

I got as far as running open.sh, and heeding the warning, the U-Boot binary is unrecognized: https://share.riseup.net/#fXCGeHBQdZbJ981idC-oEw
I'll spend some time looking into this, but are there any pointers?

Immediately, the U-Boot build is about a year newer:

600607        0x92A1F         U-Boot version string, "U-Boot 1.5.1 [spf11.4_csu2] (Jun 15 2022 - 09:05:59 +0000)"
DECIMAL       HEXADECIMAL     DESCRIPTION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------DECIMAL       HEXADECIMAL     DESCRIPTION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0             0x0             ELF, 32-bit LSB shared object, ARM, version 1 (SYSV)
4552          0x11C8          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1223
5779          0x1693          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1035
6818          0x1AA2          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1000
235252        0x396F4         uImage header, header size: 64 bytes, header CRC: 0x22DE964A, created: 2019-05-17 11:08:58, image size: 1910412874 bytes, Data Address: 0x8CDE964A, Entry Point: 0xFA21974A, data CRC: 0xC97E974A, image name: ""
469524        0x72A14         SHA256 hash constants, little endian
507108        0x7BCE4         CRC32 polynomial table, little endian
508132        0x7C0E4         CRC32 polynomial table, little endian
600607        0x92A1F         U-Boot version string, "U-Boot 1.5.1 [spf11.4_csu2] (Jun 15 2022 - 09:05:59 +0000)"
610976        0x952A0         Flattened device tree, size: 3378 bytes, version: 17
614368        0x95FE0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
617888        0x96DA0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
621408        0x97B60         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
624928        0x98920         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
628448        0x996E0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
631968        0x9A4A0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
635488        0x9B260         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
0             0x0             ELF, 32-bit LSB shared object, ARM, version 1 (SYSV)
4552          0x11C8          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1223
5779          0x1693          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1035
6818          0x1AA2          Certificate in DER format (x509 v3), header length: 4, sequence length: 1000
235252        0x396F4         uImage header, header size: 64 bytes, header CRC: 0x22DE964A, created: 2019-05-17 11:08:58, image size: 1910412874 bytes, Data Address: 0x8CDE964A, Entry Point: 0xFA21974A, data CRC: 0xC97E974A, image name: ""
469524        0x72A14         SHA256 hash constants, little endian
507108        0x7BCE4         CRC32 polynomial table, little endian
508132        0x7C0E4         CRC32 polynomial table, little endian
600607        0x92A1F         U-Boot version string, "U-Boot 1.5.1 [spf11.4_csu2] (Jun 15 2022 - 09:05:59 +0000)"
610976        0x952A0         Flattened device tree, size: 3378 bytes, version: 17
614368        0x95FE0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
617888        0x96DA0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
621408        0x97B60         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
624928        0x98920         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
628448        0x996E0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
631968        0x9A4A0         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17
635488        0x9B260         Flattened device tree, size: 3509 bytes, version: 17

Ack, missed file hosting constraints. Pushed to a repo: https://git.sr.ht/~jleightcap/sax1v1k-openwrt/blob/main/uboot-partition.img.tar.gz

The hardware is quite pretty, it there any chance to bring this device firmware to official Openwrt CI/CD stream?

Chance, yes - $someone (you?) will 'just' have to complete the porting and submit a pull request. In the absence of such a mystical $someone, no.

any update on whether the exploits to obtain root and boot an unsigned image have been patched?

Video is marked private???

Got a hold of a SAX1V1R - it seems to be the exact same hardware.

Was able to get it to boot with the same initramfs, however after playing around with it for a while it seems to not boot anymore.

Sad!

SAX1V1K -- made by Askey
SAX1V1S -- made by Segemcom
SAX1V1R -- made by Sercomm

@hurrian although SAXV1R looks same hardware, its built from different manufacture and could be slightly different.

Im getting SAX1V1K soon, and hope I can finish the project.

Does anyone have access to any of its factory firmware?
Would be nice if we can find whtever version factory firmware and utilize it as baseline.
Factory firmware should be flashable from warehouse mode.

1 Like
600607        0x92A1F         U-Boot version string, "U-Boot 1.5.1 [spf11.4_csu2] (Jun 15 2022 - 09:05:59 +0000)"

For your U-Boot, change script open.sh line 22-23 like this

b1=$(hexdump -n 4 -s 0x187E0 -e '4/1 "%x" "\n"' "$ubootpart")
b2=$(hexdump -n 4 -s 0x1D9A8 -e '4/1 "%x" "\n"' "$ubootpart")

And line 46 like this

fw_setenv fix_uboot "mw 4a9115c8 0a000007 1;mw 4a91e534 0a000006 1;setenv loadaddr 44000000;setenv ipaddr 192.168.0.5;setenv serverip 192.168.0.1;"

Lastly line 50

fw_setenv bootcmd "run fix_uboot; go 4a966bc4 || sleep 3; tftpboot recovery.img; bootm || run setup_and_boot"

Its simple JMP patch

Update:
Line 47 might be different for your device tho

fw_setenv read_hlos_emmc "mmc read 44000000 0x8A22 0x4000"
1 Like

They are using OpenSync for updates. I don't know if you can get the firmware update file.

eMMC dump: Spectrum SAX1V1K (Askey RT5010W) OpenWrt Support - #20 by meisterlone

Been analyzing OpenSync and its lib from that eMMC dump.
OpenSync is located in 19.rootfs
/usr/opensync

However, I could not find how the SAX1V1K actually queries latest firmware.
Maybe its pushed from ISP?

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5bbce542d7819e023f203f03/t/63987e5bdbfffe6a9876edcf/1670938205501/EUB-020-033-101_OpenSync_34_Northbound_API.pdf

  "AWLAN_Node": {
    "efb81a6c-3c9c-4af0-8b5f-be8cb38f6c13": {
      "redirector_addr": "ssl:redirector-dualstack.tau.spectrum.net:443"
    }
  },

I think the best approach will be gain shell access of original firmware and see what ovsh variables are.

"run fix_uboot; go 4a9647cc || sleep 3; if tftpboot recovery.img; then bootm || run setup_and_boot fi; run setup_and_boot"

@meisterlone
Will this work for "try TFTP"?

OH well, I finally bricked it and now its boot loop of uboot and not reading recovery.img from tftp.

I screwed of setting up bootcmd. Maybe I might be able to fix it with shorting technique to gain access of uboot.

Meantime, I get second one!

On the other hand, I successfully booted with initramfs but not with emmc.
@127.0.0.1 @meisterlone , Is there specific ways of flash sysupgrade into emmc?
I just used luci gui to sysupgrade but it didnt boot up properly while initramfs worked totally fine when I booted through TFTP.

Here is emmc bootup log after sysupgrade

MMC read: dev # 0, block # 35362, count 16384 ... 16384 blocks read: OK
secure boot fuse is enabled
## Loading kernel from FIT Image at 44000000 ...
   Using 'config@rt5010w-d187-rev6' configuration
   Trying 'kernel-1' kernel subimage
     Description:  ARM64 OpenWrt Linux-5.15.98
     Type:         Kernel Image
     Compression:  gzip compressed
     Data Start:   0x440000e8
     Data Size:    4604026 Bytes = 4.4 MiB
     Architecture: AArch64
     OS:           Linux
     Load Address: 0x41000000
     Entry Point:  0x41000000
     Hash algo:    crc32
     Hash value:   0d057821
     Hash algo:    sha1
     Hash value:   4d78bca5c451229651bfbf2ef2ad784fc9b1f815
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
## Loading fdt from FIT Image at 44000000 ...
   Using 'config@rt5010w-d187-rev6' configuration
   Trying 'fdt-1' fdt subimage
     Description:  ARM64 OpenWrt askey_rt5010w-d187 device tree blob
     Type:         Flat Device Tree
     Compression:  uncompressed
     Data Start:   0x444642a8
     Data Size:    41845 Bytes = 40.9 KiB
     Architecture: AArch64
     Hash algo:    crc32
     Hash value:   dea9b9d9
     Hash algo:    sha1
     Hash value:   82f3894f9de7075706476c00c3fc1c56e2934df4
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x444642a8
   Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 4a1f2000, end 4a1ff374 ... OK
Using machid 0x8750106 from environment

Starting kernel ...

Jumping to AARCH64 kernel via monitor
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0000000000 [0x410fd034]
[    0.000000] Linux version 5.15.98 (ubuntu@DESKTOP-F7F31J2) (aarch64-openwrt-linux-musl-gcc (OpenWrt GCC 12.2.0 r22236-a6fe02c018) 12.2.0, GNU ld (GNU Binutils) 2.40.0) #0 SMP Thu Mar 9 04:14:40 2023
[    0.000000] Machine model: Askey RT5010W-D187
[    0.000000] Zone ranges:
[    0.000000]   DMA      [mem 0x0000000040000000-0x00000000bfffffff]
[    0.000000]   DMA32    empty
[    0.000000]   Normal   empty
[    0.000000] Movable zone start for each node
[    0.000000] Early memory node ranges
[    0.000000]   node   0: [mem 0x0000000040000000-0x0000000040ffffff]
[    0.000000]   node   0: [mem 0x0000000041000000-0x000000004a3fffff]
[    0.000000]   node   0: [mem 0x000000004a400000-0x00000000510fffff]
[    0.000000]   node   0: [mem 0x0000000051100000-0x00000000bfffffff]
[    0.000000] Initmem setup node 0 [mem 0x0000000040000000-0x00000000bfffffff]
[    0.000000] psci: probing for conduit method from DT.
[    0.000000] psci: PSCIv1.0 detected in firmware.
[    0.000000] psci: Using standard PSCI v0.2 function IDs
[    0.000000] psci: MIGRATE_INFO_TYPE not supported.
[    0.000000] psci: SMC Calling Convention v1.0
[    0.000000] percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu s30360 r8192 d31080 u69632
[    0.000000] Detected VIPT I-cache on CPU0
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 516096
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyMSM0,115200n8 mmc_mid=0x15 boot_signedimg mmc_mid=0x15 boot_signedimg mmc_mid=0x15 boot_signedimg root=/dev/mmcblk0p20 rootwait
[    0.000000] Unknown kernel command line parameters "boot_signedimg boot_signedimg boot_signedimg mmc_mid=0x15", will be passed to user space.
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 262144 (order: 9, 2097152 bytes, linear)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 8, 1048576 bytes, linear)
[    0.000000] mem auto-init: stack:off, heap alloc:off, heap free:off
[    0.000000] Memory: 1916880K/2097152K available (7488K kernel code, 844K rwdata, 2052K rodata, 1216K init, 273K bss, 180272K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] SLUB: HWalign=64, Order=0-3, MinObjects=0, CPUs=4, Nodes=1
[    0.000000] rcu: Hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000]  Tracing variant of Tasks RCU enabled.
[    0.000000] rcu: RCU calculated value of scheduler-enlistment delay is 10 jiffies.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS: 64, nr_irqs: 64, preallocated irqs: 0
[    0.000000] Root IRQ handler: gic_handle_irq
[    0.000000] GICv2m: range[mem 0x0b00a000-0x0b00affc], SPI[448:479]
[    0.000000] arch_timer: cp15 and mmio timer(s) running at 19.20MHz (virt/virt).
[    0.000000] clocksource: arch_sys_counter: mask: 0xffffffffffffff max_cycles: 0x46d987e47, max_idle_ns: 440795202767 ns
[    0.000001] sched_clock: 56 bits at 19MHz, resolution 52ns, wraps every 4398046511078ns
[    0.000120] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 38.40 BogoMIPS (lpj=192000)
[    0.000136] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.000290] Mount-cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 3, 32768 bytes, linear)
[    0.000310] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 3, 32768 bytes, linear)
[    0.001921] rcu: Hierarchical SRCU implementation.
[    0.002099] dyndbg: Ignore empty _ddebug table in a CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE build
[    0.002618] smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
[    0.003215] Detected VIPT I-cache on CPU1
[    0.003277] CPU1: Booted secondary processor 0x0000000001 [0x410fd034]
[    0.003900] Detected VIPT I-cache on CPU2
[    0.003941] CPU2: Booted secondary processor 0x0000000002 [0x410fd034]
[    0.004523] Detected VIPT I-cache on CPU3
[    0.004561] CPU3: Booted secondary processor 0x0000000003 [0x410fd034]
[    0.004627] smp: Brought up 1 node, 4 CPUs
[    0.004653] SMP: Total of 4 processors activated.
[    0.004661] CPU features: detected: 32-bit EL0 Support
[    0.004668] CPU features: detected: CRC32 instructions
[    0.004716] CPU features: emulated: Privileged Access Never (PAN) using TTBR0_EL1 switching
[    0.004726] CPU: All CPU(s) started at EL1
[    0.004747] alternatives: patching kernel code
[    0.012424] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.012458] futex hash table entries: 1024 (order: 4, 65536 bytes, linear)
[    0.012604] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.013589] NET: Registered PF_NETLINK/PF_ROUTE protocol family
[    0.014100] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB GFP_KERNEL pool for atomic allocations
[    0.014159] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB GFP_KERNEL|GFP_DMA pool for atomic allocations
[    0.014213] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB GFP_KERNEL|GFP_DMA32 pool for atomic allocations
[    0.014548] thermal_sys: Registered thermal governor 'step_wise'
[    0.016004] cpuidle: using governor menu
[    0.016251] ASID allocator initialised with 65536 entries
[    0.068947] qcom,cpr4-apss-regulator b018000.cpr4-ctrl: CPR valid fuse count: 4
[    0.077580] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.077759] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.077800] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.077835] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.078219] qcom_scm: convention: smc arm 64
[    0.079417] clocksource: Switched to clocksource arch_sys_counter
[    0.080198] NET: Registered PF_INET protocol family
[    0.080358] IP idents hash table entries: 32768 (order: 6, 262144 bytes, linear)
[    0.081746] tcp_listen_portaddr_hash hash table entries: 1024 (order: 2, 16384 bytes, linear)
[    0.081790] Table-perturb hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes, linear)
[    0.081806] TCP established hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes, linear)
[    0.081967] TCP bind hash table entries: 16384 (order: 6, 262144 bytes, linear)
[    0.082254] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 16384 bind 16384)
[    0.082347] UDP hash table entries: 1024 (order: 3, 32768 bytes, linear)
[    0.082413] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 1024 (order: 3, 32768 bytes, linear)
[    0.082609] NET: Registered PF_UNIX/PF_LOCAL protocol family
[    0.082646] PCI: CLS 0 bytes, default 64
[    0.083705] workingset: timestamp_bits=46 max_order=19 bucket_order=0
[    0.087329] squashfs: version 4.0 (2009/01/31) Phillip Lougher
[    0.087346] jffs2: version 2.2 (NAND) (SUMMARY) (LZMA) (RTIME) (CMODE_PRIORITY) (c) 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.089125] qcom-qmp-phy 78000.phy: supply vdda-phy not found, using dummy regulator
[    0.089267] qcom-qmp-phy 78000.phy: supply vdda-pll not found, using dummy regulator
[    0.090345] qcom-qmp-phy 78000.phy: Registered Qcom-QMP phy
[    0.091112] qcom-qusb2-phy 79000.phy: supply vdda-pll not found, using dummy regulator
[    0.091232] qcom-qusb2-phy 79000.phy: supply vdda-phy-dpdm not found, using dummy regulator
[    0.091400] qcom-qusb2-phy 79000.phy: Registered Qcom-QUSB2 phy
[    0.095336] bam-dma-engine 704000.dma-controller: num-channels unspecified in dt
[    0.095360] bam-dma-engine 704000.dma-controller: num-ees unspecified in dt
[    0.099052] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    0.099630] msm_serial 78b3000.serial: msm_serial: detected port #0
[    0.099673] msm_serial 78b3000.serial: uartclk = 3686400
[    0.099722] 78b3000.serial: ttyMSM0 at MMIO 0x78b3000 (irq = 24, base_baud = 230400) is a MSM
[    0.099753] msm_serial: console setup on port #0
[    0.747660] printk: console [ttyMSM0] enabled
[    0.752766] msm_serial: driver initialized
[    0.760483] loop: module loaded
[    0.761696] nand: No NAND device found
[    0.764139] spmi spmi-0: PMIC arbiter version v2 (0x20010000)
[    0.770463] s1: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.773417] s2: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.777396] vdd_s3: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.781725] vdd_s4: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.786246] s5: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.790615] l1: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.794775] l2: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.798934] l3: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.803113] l4: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.807274] l5: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.811452] l6: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.815599] l7: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.819801] l8: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.823924] l9: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.828206] l11: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.832307] l12: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.836778] l13: supplied by regulator-dummy
[    0.854461] i2c_dev: i2c /dev entries driver
[    0.858171] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
[    0.858218] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
[    0.863860] sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper
[    0.872081] remoteproc remoteproc0: releasing cd00000.q6v5_wcss
[    0.876109] NET: Registered PF_INET6 protocol family
[    0.880514] Segment Routing with IPv6
[    0.884830] In-situ OAM (IOAM) with IPv6
[    0.888410] NET: Registered PF_PACKET protocol family
[    0.892434] 8021q: 802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8
[    0.899450] mmc0: SDHCI controller on 7824900.mmc [7824900.mmc] using ADMA 64-bit
[    0.912908] qcom,cpr4-apss-regulator b018000.cpr4-ctrl: CPR valid fuse count: 4
[    0.913197] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_read_fuse_data: apc_corner: speed bin = 0
[    0.919035] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_read_fuse_data: apc_corner: CPR fusing revision = 1
[    0.925655] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_read_fuse_data: apc_corner: CPR misc fuse value = 0
[    0.933303] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_read_fuse_data: apc_corner: Voltage boost fuse config = 0 boost = disable
[    0.940805] cpr3_mem_acc_init: apc: not using memory accelerator regulator
[    0.949945] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_open_loop_voltages: apc_corner: fused      SVS: open-loop= 704000 uV
[    0.956886] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_open_loop_voltages: apc_corner: fused      NOM: open-loop= 808000 uV
[    0.966878] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_open_loop_voltages: apc_corner: fused    TURBO: open-loop= 864000 uV
[    0.976691] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_open_loop_voltages: apc_corner: fused   STURBO: open-loop= 944000 uV
[    0.986543] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_target_quotients: apc_corner: fused      SVS: quot[ 7]= 746, quot_offset[ 7]=   0
[    0.996306] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_target_quotients: apc_corner: fused      NOM: quot[ 7]= 958, quot_offset[ 7]= 210
[    1.007156] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_target_quotients: apc_corner: fused    TURBO: quot[ 7]=1060, quot_offset[ 7]= 100
[    1.018092] cpr4_ipq807x_apss_calculate_target_quotients: apc_corner: fused   STURBO: quot[ 7]=1219, quot_offset[ 7]= 155
[    1.029155] cpr3_regulator_init_ctrl: apc: Default CPR mode = closed-loop
[    1.031615] cpufreq: cpufreq_online: CPU0: Running at unlisted initial frequency: 19200 KHz, changing to: 1017600 KHz
[    1.058511] Waiting for root device /dev/mmcblk0p20...
[    1.129785] mmc0: new HS200 MMC card at address 0001
[    1.130394] mmcblk0: mmc0:0001 8GTF4R 7.28 GiB
[    1.134852] Alternate GPT is invalid, using primary GPT.
[    1.138143]  mmcblk0: p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p8 p9 p10 p11 p12 p13 p14 p15 p16 p17 p18 p19 p20 p21 p22 p23 p24 p25 p26 p27 p28 p29 p30 p31 p32 p33 p34 p35 p36 p37 p38
[    1.145696] mmcblk0boot0: mmc0:0001 8GTF4R 4.00 MiB
[    1.158757] mmcblk0boot1: mmc0:0001 8GTF4R 4.00 MiB
[    1.163511] mmcblk0rpmb: mmc0:0001 8GTF4R 512 KiB, chardev (247:0)
[    1.191811] VFS: Mounted root (squashfs filesystem) readonly on device 179:20.
[    1.192330] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1216K
[    1.239493] Run /sbin/init as init process
[    1.329975] init: Console is alive
[    1.330082] init: - watchdog -
[    1.605662] kmodloader: loading kernel modules from /etc/modules-boot.d/*
[    1.695482] ssdk_switch_device_num_init[1335]:INFO:ess-switch dts node number: 1
[    1.695575] ssdk_dt_get_switch_node[1124]:INFO:ess-switch DT exist!
[    1.701977] ssdk_dt_parse_access_mode[999]:INFO:switch_access_mode: local bus
[    1.707942] ssdk_dt_parse_access_mode[1012]:INFO:switchreg_base_addr: 0x3a000000
[    1.715239] ssdk_dt_parse_access_mode[1013]:INFO:switchreg_size: 0x1000000
[    1.722702] ssdk_dt_parse_mac_mode[327]:INFO:mac mode = 0xb
[    1.729378] ssdk_dt_parse_mac_mode[336]:INFO:mac mode1 = 0xff
[    1.734853] ssdk_dt_parse_mac_mode[345]:INFO:mac mode2 = 0xc
[    1.740767] ssdk_dt_parse_phy_info[716]:INFO:[PORT 6] port_mac_sel = QGMAC_PORT
[    1.746508] ssdk_dt_parse_uniphy[364]:INFO:ess-uniphy DT exist!
[    1.753613] ssdk_dt_parse_intf_mac[942]:INFO:dp1 MAC 88:de:7c:8d:29:70
[    1.759446] ssdk_dt_parse_intf_mac[942]:INFO:dp2 MAC 88:de:7c:8d:29:70
[    1.766038] ssdk_dt_parse_intf_mac[942]:INFO:dp3 MAC 88:de:7c:8d:29:70
[    1.772557] ssdk_dt_parse_intf_mac[942]:INFO:dp4 MAC 88:de:7c:8d:29:70
[    1.779129] ssdk_plat_init[1692]:INFO:ssdk_plat_init start
[    1.900691] ssdk_gcc_clock_init[1275]:INFO:SSDK gcc clock init successfully!
[    1.901729] malibu_phy_api_ops_init[2846]:INFO:qca probe malibu phy driver succeeded!
[    1.910789] hsl_phy_phydev_get[773]:ERROR:phy_addr 4 phydev is NULL
[    1.915717] qca808x_phy_api_ops_init[2566]:INFO:qca probe qca808x phy driver succeeded!
[    1.921889] regi_init[3953]:INFO:Initializing HPPE!!
[    2.159431] ssdk_ppe_reset_init[1535]:INFO:ppe reset successfully!
[    2.163040] qca_hppe_portctrl_hw_init[126]:INFO:Hawkeye PPE port initializing
[    2.165754] hsl_phy_phydev_get[773]:ERROR:phy_addr 4 phydev is NULL
[    2.172117] hsl_phy_phydev_get[773]:ERROR:phy_addr 4 phydev is NULL
[    2.865508] ssdk_switch_register[2017]:INFO:Chip version 0x1500
[    2.865540] qca_link_polling_select[1487]:INFO:link-polling-required node does not exist
[    2.870240] ssdk_switch_register[2043]:INFO:polling is selected
[    2.878564] regi_init[3957]:INFO:Initializing HPPE Done!!
[    2.884291] ssdk_genl_init[211]:INFO:ssdk genl family register success.
[    2.889771] regi_init[4020]:INFO:qca-ssdk module init succeeded!
[    2.898626] EDMA ver 1 hw init
[    2.902662] EDMA HW Reset completed succesfully
[    2.905325] Num rings - TxDesc:1 (23-23) TxCmpl:1 (7-7)
[    2.909729] RxDesc:1 (15-15) RxFill:1 (7-7)
[    2.915504] Generic PHY 90000.mdio-1:00: attached PHY driver (mii_bus:phy_addr=90000.mdio-1:00, irq=POLL)
[    2.919659] nss-dp 3a001000.dp1 lan4: Registered netdev lan4(qcom-id:1)
[    2.929098] Generic PHY 90000.mdio-1:01: attached PHY driver (mii_bus:phy_addr=90000.mdio-1:01, irq=POLL)
[    2.935845] nss-dp 3a001200.dp2 lan3: Registered netdev lan3(qcom-id:2)
[    2.945259] Generic PHY 90000.mdio-1:02: attached PHY driver (mii_bus:phy_addr=90000.mdio-1:02, irq=POLL)
[    2.951954] nss-dp 3a001400.dp3 lan2: Registered netdev lan2(qcom-id:3)
[    2.961424] Generic PHY 90000.mdio-1:03: attached PHY driver (mii_bus:phy_addr=90000.mdio-1:03, irq=POLL)
[    2.968055] nss-dp 3a001600.dp4 lan1: Registered netdev lan1(qcom-id:4)
[    3.178032] QCA808X ethernet 90000.mdio-1:1c: attached PHY driver (mii_bus:phy_addr=90000.mdio-1:1c, irq=POLL)
[    3.178567] nss-dp 3a007000.dp6-syn wan: Registered netdev wan(qcom-id:6)
[    3.187032] **********************************************************
[    3.193790] * NSS Data Plane driver
[    3.200203] **********************************************************
[    3.211178] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: xHCI Host Controller
[    3.211225] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[    3.215780] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: hcc params 0x0220fe65 hci version 0x110 quirks 0x0000000002010010
[    3.223268] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: irq 91, io mem 0x08a00000
[    3.232676] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: xHCI Host Controller
[    3.238489] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2
[    3.244053] xhci-hcd xhci-hcd.1.auto: Host supports USB 3.0 SuperSpeed
[    3.251940] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[    3.258221] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[    3.262233] usb usb2: We don't know the algorithms for LPM for this host, disabling LPM.
[    3.266239] hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found
[    3.274140] hub 2-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[    3.279791] kmodloader: done loading kernel modules from /etc/modules-boot.d/*
[    3.285775] init: - preinit -
[    3.453680] random: jshn: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
[    3.473291] random: jshn: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
[    3.480176] random: jshn: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
Press the [f] key and hit [enter] to enter failsafe mode
Press the [1], [2], [3] or [4] key and hit [enter] to select the debug level
[    5.583973] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p24): recovery complete
[    5.584604] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p24): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null). Quota mode: disabled.
[    5.588726] mount_root: switching to ext4 overlay
[    5.600016] overlayfs: null uuid detected in lower fs '/', falling back to xino=off,index=off,nfs_export=off.
[    5.604241] urandom-seed: Seeding with /etc/urandom.seed
[    5.641548] procd: - early -
[    5.641627] procd: - watchdog -
[    6.165529] procd: - watchdog -
[    6.166232] procd: - ubus -
[    6.191373] random: ubusd: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
[    6.218796] random: ubusd: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
[    6.219022] random: ubusd: uninitialized urandom read (4 bytes read)
[    6.226779] procd: - init -
Please press Enter to activate this console.
[    6.354820] urngd: v1.0.2 started.
[    6.368156] random: crng init done
[    6.368186] random: 26 urandom warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting
[    6.372766] kmodloader: loading kernel modules from /etc/modules.d/*
[    6.404165] GACT probability on
[    6.404597] Mirror/redirect action on
[    6.408790] u32 classifier
[    6.409956]     input device check on
[    6.412531]     Actions configured
[    6.423234] Loading modules backported from Linux version v6.1-rc8-0-g76dcd734eca2
[    6.423273] Backport generated by backports.git v5.15.81-1-41-g02e352527db5
[    6.435120] NET: Registered PF_QIPCRTR protocol family
[    6.444404] xt_time: kernel timezone is -0000
[    6.467289] PPP generic driver version 2.4.2
[    6.468078] NET: Registered PF_PPPOX protocol family
[    6.476180] ath11k c000000.wifi: ipq8074 hw2.0
[    6.476212] ath11k c000000.wifi: FW memory mode: 0
[    6.480245] remoteproc remoteproc0: powering up cd00000.q6v5_wcss
[    6.485370] remoteproc remoteproc0: Direct firmware load for IPQ8074/q6_fw.mdt failed with error -2
[    6.490827] remoteproc remoteproc0: Falling back to sysfs fallback for: IPQ8074/q6_fw.mdt
[    6.526309] remoteproc remoteproc0: request_firmware failed: -12
[    6.526355] ath11k c000000.wifi: failed to boot the remote processor Q6
[    6.531435] ath11k c000000.wifi: failed to power up :-12
[    6.609485] ath11k c000000.wifi: failed to create soc core: -12
[    6.609531] ath11k c000000.wifi: failed to init core: -12
[    6.614318] ath11k: probe of c000000.wifi failed with error -12
[    6.622944] kmodloader: done loading kernel modules from /etc/modules.d/*



BusyBox v1.36.0 (2023-03-09 04:14:40 UTC) built-in shell (ash)

  _______                     ________        __
 |       |.-----.-----.-----.|  |  |  |.----.|  |_
 |   -   ||  _  |  -__|     ||  |  |  ||   _||   _|
 |_______||   __|_____|__|__||________||__|  |____|
          |__| W I R E L E S S   F R E E D O M
 -----------------------------------------------------
 OpenWrt SNAPSHOT, r22242-c8c91909d9
 -----------------------------------------------------
operator@SAX1V1K:/#

According to this PR it should be possible to install the sysupgrade image: https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt/pull/14914

Nice, someone is already working on PR

root@OpenWrt:/tmp# sysupgrade -n -v sysupgrade.bin
Mon Mar 25 18:49:22 UTC 2024 upgrade: Commencing upgrade. Closing all shell sessions.
Watchdog handover: fd=3
- watchdog -
Watchdog did not previously reset the system
Mon Mar 25 18:49:23 UTC 2024 upgrade: Sending TERM to remaining processes ...
Mon Mar 25 18:49:23 UTC 2024 upgrade: Sending signal TERM to ntpclient (4288)
Mon Mar 25 18:49:27 UTC 2024 upgrade: Sending KILL to remaining processes ...
[  322.291961] stage2 (4937): drop_caches: 3
Mon Mar 25 18:49:33 UTC 2024 upgrade: Switching to ramdisk...
Mon Mar 25 18:49:34 UTC 2024 upgrade: Performing system upgrade...
flashing kernel to /dev/mmcblk0p18
flashing rootfs to /dev/mmcblk0p20
[  323.953328] loop0: detected capacity change from 0 to 244118
Format new rootfs_data at position 9229312.
mke2fs 1.47.0 (5-Feb-2023)
Creating filesystem with 122056 1k blocks and 30480 inodes
Filesystem UUID: e8ee8607-c942-444e-8301-0b125df97a87
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
        8193, 24577, 40961, 57345, 73729

Allocating group tables: done
Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

[  324.840076] EXT4-fs (loop0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null). Quota mode: disabled.
Saving config to rootfs_data at position 9229312.
cp: can't stat '': No such file or directory
umount: can't unmount /dev: Resource busy
umount: can't unmount /tmp: Resource busy

So I did sysupgrade one more time and still same result.

Report a problem on github in PR.