You are next to sure using WPA-EAP (WPA Enterprise) which is by default re-authenticating every hour.
If not you must have set
wpa_pair_rekey=3600 or the connected stations must have such a setting, both not very likely. It has nothing to do with 802.11[w,r]. The warning can only be triggered wen installing a PTK for a station (MAC) which already has a PTK active.
eap_reauth_period=0 is probably the proper work around for now when you are not sure all devices (AP and all connecting STA's) are able to rekey the PTK correctly.
Ath10k is one of the few known drivers which seem to be fine and only has to set
NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_CAN_REPLACE_PTK0. ath9k can set it when using a mac80211 from kernel 4.20 or higher (but you have that or would not get the warning). ath9k - and probably all other ath drivers < 10) are totally broken with older versions of mac80211 when you rekey the PTK. (That's one of the other drivers well understood).
Broken translates here to have more or less random 1h long connection freezes and forgetting to encrypt some packets. Chances are that most cards using mac80211 do have at least some issues with the older mac80211 implementation when using HW encryption. (ath10k is doing the dangerous things only on the chip and are therefore bypassing the dangerous areas. As a bonus they seem to do it right, too!)
NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_CAN_REPLACE_PTK0 is a security warning but unrelated to the key data. Mac80211 just detected something which looks dangerous but can't really refuse do do it.
We actually considered to refuse the key update instead only printing a warning. But since it was always broken - and not only for mac80211 cards - that seemed a bit too drastic.
But adding the flag to the drivers and silencing the warning is not meaning your rekeys are working or safe to use.
So the conclusion that this is always harmless from a user POV is wrong!
Chances are other rekey bugs on either end are mitigating the problem by causing an reconnect in most cases, though. But when you e.g. use buggy ath9k on the router - like me - and any mac80211 card on linux (even bugfree) your wlan will freeze every 1h for 1h or till you reconnect manually.
My suggestion would be to change the default for
eap_reauth_period to zero in openwrt and/or back port the latest PTK0 rekey patch available here: PTK0 rekey patch set and enable that feature.
Lastly the correct bug to link the
NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_CAN_REPLACE_PTK0 to would be this Old Openwrt Bug and this Kernel bug report. For a full report what is wrong in mac80211 with kernels < 4.20 see 62872a9b9a10 ("mac80211: Fix PTK rekey freezes and clear text leak")
Hope that is shining some light on the issue.