ImageBuilder hangs on padding image

Hello all,

I asked about this on IRC, but no one was around who had the answer off the top of their head.

I'm having a problem with the 23.05.3 image builder for ramips-mt76x8 where the program hangs after it says padding image to [value], even when I just run make image. 22.03.5 works perfectly fine. I'm on Arch Linux. No one on any forum post seems to be having issues with the image builder stopping at this exact point; it's always before or after.

Here are my logs. Debug should be enabled, but I suspect that it will be less than helpful as the hang seems to occur during a call to an external program.

Thank you!

Building images for ramips - ALFA Network AWUSFREE1
Packages: base-files busybox ca-bundle dnsmasq dropbear firewall4 fstools kernel kmod-gpio-button-hotplug kmod-leds-gpio kmod-mt7603 kmod-nft-offload libc libgcc libustream-mbedtls logd mtd netifd nftables odhcp6c odhcpd-ipv6only opkg ppp ppp-mod-pppoe procd procd-seccomp procd-ujail swconfig uboot-envtools uci uclient-fetch urandom-seed urngd wpad-basic-mbedtls

Package list missing or not up-to-date, generating it.

Building package index...
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/targets/ramips/mt76x8/packages/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_core
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/targets/ramips/mt76x8/packages/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/base/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_base
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/base/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/luci/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_luci
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/luci/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/packages/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_packages
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/packages/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/routing/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_routing
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/routing/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/telephony/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt_telephony
Downloading https://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/23.05.3/packages/mipsel_24kc/telephony/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.
Downloading file:packages/Packages
Updated list of available packages in /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/../../../../../../../../../home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/imagebuilder
Downloading file:packages/Packages.sig
Signature check passed.

Installing packages...
Installing libc (1.2.4-4) to root...
Installing libgcc1 (12.3.0-4) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libgcc1_12.3.0-4_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Configuring libgcc1.
Configuring libc.
Installing kernel (5.15.150-1-75c6644de129a09956bae3c06995c6f8) to root...
Configuring kernel.
Installing base-files (1554-r23809-234f1a2efa) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/base-files_1554-r23809-234f1a2efa_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libubox20230523 (2023-05-23-75a3b870-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libubox20230523_2023-05-23-75a3b870-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libuci20130104 (2023-08-10-5781664d-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libuci20130104_2023-08-10-5781664d-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libnl-tiny1 (2023-07-27-bc92a280-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libnl-tiny1_2023-07-27-bc92a280-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libubus20230605 (2023-06-05-f787c97b-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libubus20230605_2023-06-05-f787c97b-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libjson-c5 (0.16-3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libjson-c5_0.16-3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libblobmsg-json20230523 (2023-05-23-75a3b870-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libblobmsg-json20230523_2023-05-23-75a3b870-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ubusd (2023-06-05-f787c97b-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ubusd_2023-06-05-f787c97b-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ubus (2023-06-05-f787c97b-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ubus_2023-06-05-f787c97b-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing jshn (2023-05-23-75a3b870-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/jshn_2023-05-23-75a3b870-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing netifd (2024-01-04-c18cc79d-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/netifd_2024-01-04-c18cc79d-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing jsonfilter (2024-01-23-594cfa86-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/jsonfilter_2024-01-23-594cfa86-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing usign (2020-05-23-f1f65026-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/usign_2020-05-23-f1f65026-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing openwrt-keyring (2022-03-25-62471e69-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/openwrt-keyring_2022-03-25-62471e69-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ubox (2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ubox_2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing fstools (2023-02-28-bfe882d5-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/fstools_2023-02-28-bfe882d5-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing fwtool (2019-11-12-8f7fe925-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/fwtool_2019-11-12-8f7fe925-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing busybox (1.36.1-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/busybox_1.36.1-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ca-bundle (20230311-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ca-bundle_20230311-1_all.ipk.
Installing dnsmasq (2.90-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/dnsmasq_2.90-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing dropbear (2022.82-6) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/dropbear_2022.82-6_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing firewall4 (2023-09-01-598d9fbb-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/firewall4_2023-09-01-598d9fbb-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libucode20230711 (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libucode20230711_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nfnetlink (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nfnetlink_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-reject (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-reject_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-reject6 (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-reject6_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-conntrack (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-conntrack_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-conntrack6 (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-conntrack6_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-nat (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-nat_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-log (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-log_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-log6 (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-log6_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-hash (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-hash_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-crc32c (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-crc32c_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-lib-crc32c (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-lib-crc32c_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nft-core (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nft-core_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nft-fib (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nft-fib_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nf-flow (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nf-flow_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nft-nat (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nft-nat_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-nft-offload (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-nft-offload_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libmnl0 (1.0.5-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libmnl0_1.0.5-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libnftnl11 (1.2.6-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libnftnl11_1.2.6-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing jansson4 (2.14-3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/jansson4_2.14-3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing nftables-json (1.0.8-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/nftables-json_1.0.8-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-fs (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-fs_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-ubus (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-ubus_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-uci (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-uci_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Package fstools (2023-02-28-bfe882d5-1) installed in root is up to date.
Package kernel (5.15.150-1-75c6644de129a09956bae3c06995c6f8) installed in root is up to date.
Installing kmod-gpio-button-hotplug (5.15.150-3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-gpio-button-hotplug_5.15.150-3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-leds-gpio (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-leds-gpio_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-mt7603 (5.15.150+2023-09-11-f1e1e67d-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-mt7603_5.15.150+2023-09-11-f1e1e67d-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing iw (5.19-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/iw_5.19-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libiwinfo-data (2023-07-01-ca79f641-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libiwinfo-data_2023-07-01-ca79f641-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libiwinfo20230701 (2023-07-01-ca79f641-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libiwinfo20230701_2023-07-01-ca79f641-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing iwinfo (2023-07-01-ca79f641-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/iwinfo_2023-07-01-ca79f641-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing wireless-regdb (2024.05.08-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/wireless-regdb_2024.05.08-1_all.ipk.
Installing kmod-cfg80211 (5.15.150+6.1.24-3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-cfg80211_5.15.150+6.1.24-3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-cmac (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-cmac_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-null (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-null_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-aead (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-aead_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-manager (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-manager_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-hmac (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-hmac_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-sha512 (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-sha512_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-rng (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-rng_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-seqiv (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-seqiv_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-ctr (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-ctr_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-ccm (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-ccm_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-gf128 (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-gf128_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-ghash (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-ghash_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-crypto-gcm (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-crypto-gcm_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing hostapd-common (2023-09-08-e5ccbfc6-6) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/hostapd-common_2023-09-08-e5ccbfc6-6_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-mac80211 (5.15.150+6.1.24-3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-mac80211_5.15.150+6.1.24-3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-mt76-core (5.15.150+2023-09-11-f1e1e67d-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-mt76-core_5.15.150+2023-09-11-f1e1e67d-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Package kmod-nft-offload (5.15.150-1) installed in root is up to date.
Package libc (1.2.4-4) installed in root is up to date.
Package libgcc1 (12.3.0-4) installed in root is up to date.
Installing libustream-mbedtls20201210 (2023-02-25-498f6e26-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libustream-mbedtls20201210_2023-02-25-498f6e26-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libmbedtls12 (2.28.7-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libmbedtls12_2.28.7-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing logd (2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/logd_2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing mtd (26) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/mtd_26_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Package netifd (2024-01-04-c18cc79d-2) installed in root is up to date.
Package nftables-json (1.0.8-1) installed in root is up to date.
Installing odhcp6c (2023-05-12-bcd28363-20) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/odhcp6c_2023-05-12-bcd28363-20_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing odhcpd-ipv6only (2023-10-24-d8118f6e-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/odhcpd-ipv6only_2023-10-24-d8118f6e-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing opkg (2022-02-24-d038e5b6-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/opkg_2022-02-24-d038e5b6-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libuclient20201210 (2023-04-13-007d9454-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libuclient20201210_2023-04-13-007d9454-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing uclient-fetch (2023-04-13-007d9454-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/uclient-fetch_2023-04-13-007d9454-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libpthread (1.2.4-4) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libpthread_1.2.4-4_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ppp (2.4.9.git-2021-01-04-4) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ppp_2.4.9.git-2021-01-04-4_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-lib-crc-ccitt (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-lib-crc-ccitt_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-slhc (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-slhc_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-ppp (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-ppp_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ppp-mod-pppoe (2.4.9.git-2021-01-04-4) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ppp-mod-pppoe_2.4.9.git-2021-01-04-4_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-pppox (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-pppox_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing kmod-pppoe (5.15.150-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/kmod-pppoe_5.15.150-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing procd (2023-06-25-2db83655-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/procd_2023-06-25-2db83655-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing libjson-script20230523 (2023-05-23-75a3b870-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/libjson-script20230523_2023-05-23-75a3b870-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing procd-seccomp (2023-06-25-2db83655-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/procd-seccomp_2023-06-25-2db83655-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing procd-ujail (2023-06-25-2db83655-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/procd-ujail_2023-06-25-2db83655-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing swconfig (12) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/swconfig_12_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing uboot-envtools (2023.04-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/uboot-envtools_2023.04-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing uci (2023-08-10-5781664d-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/uci_2023-08-10-5781664d-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Package uclient-fetch (2023-04-13-007d9454-1) installed in root is up to date.
Installing urandom-seed (3) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/urandom-seed_3_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing getrandom (2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/getrandom_2022-08-13-4c7b720b-2_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing urngd (2023-11-01-44365eb1-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/urngd_2023-11-01-44365eb1-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing wpad-basic-mbedtls (2023-09-08-e5ccbfc6-6) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/wpad-basic-mbedtls_2023-09-08-e5ccbfc6-6_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-nl80211 (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-nl80211_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-rtnl (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-rtnl_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Installing ucode-mod-uloop (2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1) to root...
Copying /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/dl/ucode-mod-uloop_2023-11-07-a6e75e02-1_mipsel_24kc.ipk.
Configuring libnl-tiny1.
Configuring libubox20230523.
Configuring libuci20130104.
Configuring libubus20230605.
Configuring libiwinfo-data.
Configuring libiwinfo20230701.
Configuring iwinfo.
Configuring kmod-crypto-gf128.
Configuring libuclient20201210.
Configuring uclient-fetch.
Configuring libpthread.
Configuring opkg.
Configuring hostapd-common.
Configuring libjson-c5.
Configuring libucode20230711.
Configuring ucode.
Configuring ucode-mod-fs.
Configuring ucode-mod-nl80211.
Configuring ucode-mod-rtnl.
Configuring libblobmsg-json20230523.
Configuring ucode-mod-ubus.
Configuring ucode-mod-uloop.
Configuring libmbedtls12.
Configuring wpad-basic-mbedtls.
Configuring ubusd.
Configuring ubus.
Configuring iw.
Configuring kmod-crypto-hash.
Configuring kmod-crypto-null.
Configuring kmod-crypto-aead.
Configuring kmod-crypto-manager.
Configuring busybox.
Configuring kmod-crypto-hmac.
Configuring kmod-crypto-sha512.
Configuring kmod-crypto-rng.
Configuring kmod-crypto-seqiv.
Configuring kmod-crypto-ctr.
Configuring kmod-nfnetlink.
Configuring kmod-nf-reject.
Configuring kmod-nf-reject6.
Configuring kmod-nf-conntrack.
Configuring kmod-nf-conntrack6.
Configuring kmod-nf-nat.
Configuring kmod-nf-log.
Configuring kmod-nf-log6.
Configuring kmod-crypto-crc32c.
Configuring kmod-lib-crc32c.
Configuring kmod-nft-core.
Configuring kmod-nft-fib.
Configuring swconfig.
Configuring kmod-nf-flow.
Configuring kmod-lib-crc-ccitt.
Configuring getrandom.
Configuring kmod-slhc.
Configuring kmod-ppp.
Configuring kmod-pppox.
Configuring kmod-pppoe.
Configuring procd-ujail.
Configuring jshn.
Configuring netifd.
Configuring jsonfilter.
Configuring usign.
Configuring openwrt-keyring.
Configuring ubox.
Configuring fstools.
Configuring fwtool.
Configuring base-files.
Configuring ucode-mod-uci.
Configuring libustream-mbedtls20201210.
Configuring kmod-nft-nat.
Configuring kmod-nft-offload.
Configuring libmnl0.
Configuring libnftnl11.
Configuring jansson4.
Configuring nftables-json.
Configuring firewall4.
Configuring uboot-envtools.
Configuring dnsmasq.
Configuring libjson-script20230523.
Configuring procd.
Configuring odhcp6c.
Configuring kmod-crypto-ghash.
Configuring uci.
Configuring dropbear.
Configuring mtd.
Configuring odhcpd-ipv6only.
Configuring procd-seccomp.
Configuring kmod-crypto-ccm.
Configuring urandom-seed.
Configuring ppp.
Configuring kmod-leds-gpio.
Configuring kmod-gpio-button-hotplug.
Configuring logd.
Configuring wireless-regdb.
Configuring kmod-cfg80211.
Configuring kmod-crypto-cmac.
Configuring kmod-crypto-gcm.
Configuring kmod-mac80211.
Configuring kmod-mt76-core.
Configuring kmod-mt7603.
Configuring ca-bundle.
Configuring urngd.
Configuring ppp-mod-pppoe.

Finalizing root filesystem...
Enabling boot
Enabling bootcount
Enabling cron
Enabling dnsmasq
Enabling done
Enabling dropbear
Enabling firewall
Enabling gpio_switch
Enabling led
Enabling log
Enabling network
Enabling odhcpd
Enabling packet_steering
Enabling sysctl
Enabling sysfixtime
Enabling sysntpd
Enabling system
Enabling umount
Enabling urandom_seed
Enabling urngd
Enabling wpad

Building images...
Pseudo file "dev" exists in source filesystem "/home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/root-ramips/dev".
Ignoring, exclude it (-e/-ef) to override.
Parallel mksquashfs: Using 4 processors
Creating 4.0 filesystem on /home/richard/git/mango-maker/programs/openwrt-imagebuilder-23.05.3-ramips-mt76x8.Linux-x86_64/build_dir/target-mipsel_24kc_musl/linux-ramips_mt76x8/root.squashfs, block size 262144.

[|                                                               ]   0/710   0%
[===============================================================|] 710/710 100%

Exportable Squashfs 4.0 filesystem, xz compressed, data block size 262144
	compressed data, compressed metadata, compressed fragments,
	no xattrs, compressed ids
	duplicates are removed
Filesystem size 3110.10 Kbytes (3.04 Mbytes)
	27.36% of uncompressed filesystem size (11367.66 Kbytes)
Inode table size 6428 bytes (6.28 Kbytes)
	19.81% of uncompressed inode table size (32448 bytes)
Directory table size 9430 bytes (9.21 Kbytes)
	45.53% of uncompressed directory table size (20711 bytes)
Number of duplicate files found 112
Number of inodes 975
Number of files 702
Number of fragments 34
Number of symbolic links 192
Number of device nodes 1
Number of fifo nodes 0
Number of socket nodes 0
Number of directories 80
Number of hard-links 0
Number of ids (unique uids + gids) 1
Number of uids 1
	unknown (0)
Number of gids 1
	unknown (0)
4506+1 records in
4506+1 records out
2307384 bytes (2.3 MB, 2.2 MiB) copied, 0.00851589 s, 271 MB/s
6220+1 records in
6220+1 records out
3184740 bytes (3.2 MB, 3.0 MiB) copied, 0.0117238 s, 272 MB/s
padding image to 00540000

Could you repeat your build in firmware-selector?
Just add # for uci-default to trigger recomposing default image

The build completes in firmware-selector. I suspect the output itself isn't your main reason for asking, but I can post it if needed.

What you do is totally generic and casual, you might need to examine what happens with a debugger or ptrace or perf

Interesting. I will see what I can do.